The Polish capital, Warsaw, has had a dark history – it’s a city that’s suffered and survived.
A member of the European Union since 2004, it’s now slowly becoming a popular short-break destination, particularly for travellers from western Europe.
And since last weekend, it’s become easier to get around the city because its first underground (subway) line has come into operation.
It’s been a long wait – construction began in 1983 under the communist government, but was slow, partly due to a lack of equipment. When communism fell seven years later, funds became short as Poland moved to a market economy.
The new line runs for about 12 miles north to south with 23 stops. A second east-west line is planned but the authorities have sensibly not given a timetable.
by Andy Moreton